淄博托福和GRE閱讀之間的差異和相同點

? ? ? 很多考試都覺得GRE和托福有一個共同的母親,那么搞定淄博托福閱讀就一定能夠搞定GRE閱讀,或者搞定GRE閱讀就能夠搞定托福閱讀。你想這么認為的話,抱歉你就大錯特錯,異想天開了!這兩項考試的從考察點就不一樣了,托福是語言能力的考試而GRE是智力、專業性的考試!這兩項考試是注定不同的!

  但是別放棄,最起碼是一個媽媽出生的,還是能夠找到相似的點的。要知道GRE的難度最起碼是托福的三倍左右,所以說不少考生都會先去準備GRE,那么之后應對托福的時候會感覺簡單很多!
  那么,先準備托福,對于GRE有益處嗎?
  ——有,也能瞬間給你提升三倍功力。
  我們大致的看了一下,其實在GRE和托福的閱讀上面就有很多的相似的話題點的,比方說火星、冰川。我們從TPO的材料中不難發現火星的文章確實不少,TPO8(火星上的流水),TPO16(太陽系中的行星),TPO25(火星表面),那么在GRE中也有那么一篇關于火星地表的文章。
  對比一下會發現,文章是有頗多信息是相關并且類似的。比如都在探討火星的地表特征,洼陷的地貌;造成這種地貌的原因是什么。具體來說,托福討論火星地表的多個地表特征(地表上類似火山的特征以及地表上各種坑),并且針對坑的形成有比較具體的內容描述。GRE只針對一個特征(火星北部的低洼地表)進行陳述,重點落在探討形成這個地表特征的原因。
  我們再來看看其中的不同之處有哪些。托福文章基本都是六百詞左右,其中以論證和論點為主。從我們做過很多的托福文章來看,就像我們漢語中的說明文,像文章中多處都是表明火星表面坑的形成原因。GRE說明文性的東西比較少(僅僅第一段介紹火星北部地表情況)第二段開始就是不同的觀點來解釋火星北部的低洼地表,其中有邏輯關系詞However表明觀點的變化,以及指示作者態度的呈現。觀點變化和作者態度,就是GRE的重點和考點。
  另一方面,是選項的設置。因為托福的文章中細節比較多,所以細節題的考察也是比較多的,比如下面這個考題:
  The detailed appearance of Martian impact craters provides an important piece of information about conditions just below the planet’s surface. Martian craters are surrounded by ejecta (debris formed as a result of an impact) that looks quite different from its lunar counterparts. A comparison of the Copernicus crater on the Moon with the (fairly typical) crater Yuty on Mars demonstrates the differences. The ejecta surrounding the lunar crater is just what one would expect from an explosion ejecting a large volume of dust, soil, and boulders. ■However, the ejecta on Mars gives the distinct impression of a liquid that has splashed or flowed out of crater. ■Geologists think that this fluidized ejecta crater indicates that a layer of permafrost, or water ice, lies just a few meters under the surface.■Explosive impacts heated and liquefied the ice, resulting in the fluid appearance of the ejecta.
  12. According to paragraph 6, the ejecta of Mars’s crater Yuty differs from the ejecta of the Moon’s Copernicus crater in that the ejecta of the Yuty crater
  ○ Has now become part of a permafrost layer
  ○ Contains a large volume of dust, soil and boulders
  ○ Suggests that liquid once came out of the surface at the crater site
  ○ Was thrown a comparatively long distance from the center of the crater
  這道題目在托福文章中考察的是月球和火星坑中噴出的東西進行考察,我們抓住題干進行原文定位即可,大概是:
  “A comparison of the Copernicus crater on the Moon with the (fairly typical) crater Yuty on Mars demonstrates the differences. The ejecta surrounding the lunar crater is just what one would expect from an explosion ejecting a large volume of dust, soil, and boulders. However, the ejecta on Mars gives the distinct impression of a liquid that has splashed or flowed out of crater.”
  再根據題干的問題點是落腳在the ejecta of Yuty crater,也就是火星上的噴出物,所以具體是“However, the ejecta on Mars gives the distinct impression of a liquid that has splashed or flowed out of crater.”這句話,即然而,火星的噴出物明確表明是從坑里流出或者濺出的液體。 最接近的選項就是C Suggests that liquid once came out of the surface at the crater site表明從坑表面出來的液體。正解!
  我們來看看GRE中有篇類似的文章:
  What accounts for the low-lying, ……
  Is Mars’s north similarly characterized by a sort of crust different from other areas of the planet?Some researchers do see signs of tectonic activity surrounding the northern basin that suggest thatit was created through the formation of new crust, like ocean basins on Earth. However, McGillpoints to Northern bedrock structures that predate the features said to mark the start of the tectonicprocess. McGill instead believes that through some novel mechanism the ancient surface sank toits current depth as a single unit. This would explain why features around the basin’s edge, whichwould have formed as the surface dropped, seem to be younger than structures at its floor.The third possibility is that ……
  As presented in the passage, McGill’s account of the formation of Mars’s northern basin differsfrom the other mentioned in that it alone
  A. explains the formation of certain northern bedrock features
  B. does not specify the force that caused the northern basin to be lower than its surroundings
  C. takes the northern basin to be a landform that is not analogous to any found on Earth
  D. denies that features around the northern basin are the result of tectonic activity
  E. attributes the creation of the northern lowlands to processes occurring within the planet
  這道題就沒有具體指代的段落內容了,那么我們就需要從從首字母M那個單詞定位文章中的內容。我們從題干中發現我們需要找到的是M處和其他解釋處的不一樣的點,我們尋找的是文章中出現M的不同的解釋,這就是解題點:“McGill instead believes that through some novel mechanism the ancient surface sank toits current depth as a single unit.”。相反,M認為通過一些新穎的機制,以前的表面沉降到現在的深度是單一事件。不難看出,GRE的選項內容需要思考,而并不是文章中的內容進行的改寫。
層層篩選,再結合選項A錯誤,并沒有解釋特定的基層的特點。
B正確,文中只提及M認為有新穎的機制,并沒有具體說是什么機制,選項符合。
C,根據文意,地形上有類似于地球的海洋盆地,這個選項本身也不符合題干。
D,否認北部盆地特點是由地殼活動造成的。文中M并沒有否認,只是指出了證據上的不可靠性,所以C是錯誤的。
E,將北部低地是由行星內的過程形成,文中M并沒有這么表明,錯誤。
需要根據文意,加以提煉和總結,得到答案是B。
  如果我們在準備兩項考試中,GRE和托福閱讀的共同點也是能夠互助的!會學的人效率會很高!即使有差異,也是能夠將其中的精髓給共同起來,準備兩項考試也會更加輕松!更多雅思、托福、SAT等精彩內容請關注淄博托福